Know Different Types of Company Registrations in India

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Highlights:

  1. The total registered companies in India are 18,27,839
  2. 3 Types of Registered Companies in India – Public, Private & One Person Company
  3. There are 1,30,267 Public Companies, 16,76,675 Private Companies & 20,897 Private (One Person Company) in India
  4. There are 6 Sub-categories under both Public and Private Registered Company Types

The Companies Act of 2013 defines company to mean a company that is incorporated under The Companies Act 2013 or under any previous company law. Under this, there is a subsection of the company that is called body corporate. Body Corporate includes Private Company, Public Company, One Person Company, Small Company, Limited Liability Partnerships etc. In other words, a company is a body corporate or an incorporated business organization registered under the Companies Act. It may be a limited or an unlimited company, private or a public company, company limited by guarantee or a company having a share capital, or a community interest company. It can be a limited or an unlimited liability company to its members.

There are primarily three types of Companies – Public, Private & One Person Company. They are further divided according to their structure, liability, formation, ownership, control.

Under Public Companies there are:

  • Public Limited Company (PLC)
  • Government of India Company, Centre (GOI)
  • Company of State Government (SGC)
  • General Association Public (GAP) 
  • Public Limited Company with Unlimited Liability (ULL)
  • Financial Lease Company as Public Limited (FLC)

Under Private Companies there are:

  • Private Limited Company (PTC)
  • Government of India Company, Centre (GOI)
  • General Association Private (GAT)
  • Private Limited Company with Unlimited Liability (ULT)
  • Subsidiary of a Foreign Company as Private Limited Company (FTC)
  • Section 8 Company – Not for Profit (NPL) 

Under Private(One Person Company) there are:

  • One Person Company (OPC) 

Let us discuss each type of Registered Companies in India

Public  Companies in India: A company that trades its shares freely on the stock exchange. It issues securities through IPO (Initial Public Offering) and trades on at least one stock exchange or in over-the-counter markets. A public company is also known as a publicly traded company, publicly held company, or public corporation.

  1. Public Limited Company (PLC): It is a type of company that can be either unlisted or listed company on the stock exchange. It is a company that grants limited liability to its shareholders and shares are traded freely and allows a business to sell shares to investors or public in order to raise capital. Sometimes a PLC may be privately held by another PLC with a minimum share capital of Rs. 44,86,705.98  and usually with the letters PLC after its name.

There are 1,21,973 Public Limited Companies In India.

Example of 5 Public Limited Companies. For the complete list of companies under Public Limited Companies in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U72900MH2007PLC234712 RELIANCE JIO INFOCOMM LIMITED
U32100MH2003PLC142232 ELECTROWORLD DIGITAL SOLUTIONS LIMITED
U74899DL1995PLC066685 TATA TELESERVICES LIMITED
U17200MH1979PLC021551 INNETWORK ENTERTAINMENT LIMITED
U65999MH2017PLC291071 PIRAMAL CAPITAL & HOUSING FINANCE LIMITED

2. Government of India Company, Centre (GOI): Government of India Company means any public company in which not less than fifty-one percent of the paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or by any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments, and includes a company which is a subsidiary company of such a Government company

Registered GOI companies are 420 in count.

Example of 5 GOI Public companies in India. For the complete list of Public companies under GOI in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U40104MH1987GOI149458 NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED
U62200DL2007GOI161431 AIR INDIA LIMITED
U60232DL2006GOI155068 DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDOR CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED
U74899DL1995GOI068150 DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION LIMITED
U74899DL1965GOI004343 ONGC VIDESH LIMITED

3. Company of State Government (SGC): A “Government company” is defined under Section 2(45) of the Companies Act, 2013 as “any company in which not less than 51% of the paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or by any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments, and includes a company which is a subsidiary company of such a Government company”.

There are 1,299 companies that are under the Company of State Government.

Example of 5 Company of State Government. For the complete list of companies under Company of State Government in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U40102BR2012SGC018495 BIHAR STATE POWER (HOLDING) COMPANY LIMITED
U45200GJ1988SGC010493 SARDAR SAROVAR NARMADA NIGAM LIMITED
U40109MH2005SGC153645 MAHARASHTRA STATE ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANY LIMITED
U85110KA1998SGC024503 KARNATAKA NEERAVARI NIGAM LIMITED
U32201UP1999SGC024928 U. P. POWER CORPORATION LIMITED

4. General Association Public (GAP): A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) seeks to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest.

The number of companies in India under GAP comprises of 503.

Example of 5 General Association Public companies. For the complete list of companies under General Association Public in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U80301WB1947GAP015157 THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF METALS
U92411WB1956GAP023092 THE LAKE CLUB LIMITED
U91990MH2005GAP151452 HARMONY ART FOUNDATION
U67120GA1994GAP001595 E’L DORADO GUARANTEE LIMITED
L64200MH1995GAP087395 STERLITE TELECOM LIMITED

5. Public Limited Company with Unlimited Liability (ULL): It is a company not having any limit on the liability of its members.

150 companies are under ULL.

Example of 5 Public Limited Company with Unlimited Liability. For the complete list of companies under Public Limited Company with Unlimited Liability in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U20293KA1975ULL002755 DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED
U93000KA1964ULL001532 KARNATAKA STATE INDUSTRIAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED
U74899DL1982ULL013729 RANBAXY HOLDING COMPANY
U70101PB1988ULL008752 CONWEL INVESTMENT COMPANY
U15209TG1974ULL001686 ANDHRA PRADESH DAIRY DEVELOPMENT CORPN LTD

6. Financial Lease Company as Public Limited (FLC): Financial leasing companies that are public limited engage in financing the purchase of tangible assets. The leasing company is the legal owner of the goods, but ownership is effectively conveyed to the lessee, who incurs all benefits, costs, and risks associated with ownership of the assets.

There are 121 FLC companies in India.

Example of 5 Financial Lease Company as Public Limited. For the complete list of companies under Financial Lease Company as Public Limited in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U27100GJ1976FLC013787 ESSAR STEEL INDIA LIMITED
U74900KA2011FLC058752 TOYOTA FINANCIAL SERVICES INDIA LIMITED
U65910WB1993FLC060810 L&T FINANCE LIMITED
U65900MH1997FLC109170 CITICORP FINANCE (INDIA) LIMITED
U27100GJ2005FLC046273 ESSAR STEEL (HAZIRA) LIMITED

Private Companies In India: A private company is a close corporation owned by the non-governmental organization or small business companies where the stocks of the company are not sold or traded in the stock exchanges.

  1. Private Limited Company (PTC) – A private limited company, or LTD, is a type of privately held small business entity, in which owner liability is limited to their shares, the firm is limited to having 50 or fewer shareholders, and shares are prohibited from being publicly traded. A company becomes an independent legal structure when it incorporates.

There are 16,49,456 Private Limited Companies in India.

Example of 5 Private Limited Company. For the complete list of companies under Private Limited Company in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U34100HR1994PTC073173 GENERAL MOTORS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED
U51900KA2010PTC053234 AMAZON SELLER SERVICES PRIVATE LIMITED
U34200TN2007PTC072876 DAIMLER INDIA COMMERCIAL VEHICLES PRIVATE LIMITED
U15311UP2004PTC029051 RAM NIWAS FLOUR MILLS PRIVATE LIMITED
U51909WB1995PTC073565 SUBH LAXMI FINANCIAL SERVICES PVT.LTD.

2. Government of India Company, Centre (GOI) – Government of India Company means any private company in which not less than fifty-one percent of the paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or by any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments, and includes a company which is a subsidiary company of such a Government company

There are 112 Government of India Company, Centre under private companies.

Example of 5 Government of India Company, Centre. For the complete list of Private companies under Government of India Company, Centre in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U10200JH1956GOI000581 CENTRAL COALFIELDS LIMITED
U10101JH1972GOI000918 BHARAT COKING COAL LIMITED
U10101WB1975GOI030295 EASTERN COALFIELDS LTD
U74999MH1957GOI010918 ECGC LIMITED
U40300UP2012GOI053569 NEYVELI UTTAR PRADESH POWER LIMITED

3. General Association Private (GAT) – A professional private association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) seeks to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest.

There are 637 General Association Private companies in India.

Example of 5 General Association Private. For the complete list of companies under General Association Private in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U40101TN2007GAT063283 BHADRESHWAR VIDYUT PRIVATE LIMITED
U40101TN2007GAT063284 OPG BUSINESS CENTRE PRIVATE LIMITED
U80300MH1986GAT039148 AGA KHAN EDUCATION SERVICES INDIA
U40109TN2007GAT063827 STAR POWERGEN (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED
U72900TN2007GAT063869 ETA STAR INFOTECH INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED

4. Private Limited Company with Unlimited Liability (ULT) – A private limited company does not have any limit on the liability of its members.

There are 642 ULT companies in India.

Example of 5 Private Limited Company with Unlimited Liability. For the complete list of companies under Private Limited Company with Unlimited Liability in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U74300DL1996ULT082136 DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS INDIA (PVT COMPANY WITH UNLIMITED LIABILITY)
U74899DL1995ULT065954 REEBOK INDIA COMPANY
U74140KA1996ULT068492 ALTRAN TECHNOLOGIES INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED
U65990DL1981ULT165402 MILKY INVESTMENT AND TRADING COMPANY

5. Subsidiary of a Foreign Company as Private Limited Company (FTC): A private company, being a subsidiary of a body corporate incorporated outside India, which, if incorporated in India, would be a public company within the meaning of this Act, shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act to be a subsidiary of a public company if the entire share capital in that private company is not held by that body corporate whether alone or together with one or more other bodies corporate incorporated outside India

10,229 companies in India are under FTC.

Example of 5 Subsidiary of a Foreign Company as Private Limited Company. For the complete list of companies under Subsidiary of a Foreign Company as Private Limited Company in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U74900DL2012FTC236516 INSITEL SERVICES PRIVATE LIMITED
U34200GJ2014FTC079460 SUZUKI MOTOR GUJARAT PRIVATE LIMITED
U34100TN2005FTC078835 RENAULT INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED
U74899DL1997FTC085304 HINDUSTAN COCA COLA HOLDINGS PRIVATE LIMITED
U29309AP2017FTC105878 KIA MOTORS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED

6. Section 8 Company – Not for Profit (NPL): A non-profit organization can be registered in India as a Society, under the Registrar of Societies or as a Trust, by making a Trust deed, or as a Section 8 Company, under the Companies Act, 2013. For an organization to be termed as a charity it requires Income Tax clearances under 12 A Clause of Income Tax Act.

11,599 companies are Section 8 Company – Not for Profit.

Example of 5 Section 8 Company. For the complete list of companies under Section 8 Company in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U74899DL1994NPL061852 NATIONAL MINORITIES DEVELOPMENT AND FINANCE CORPORATION
U74899DL2001NPL110356 NATIONAL SCHEDULED TRIBES FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION CO U S 25
U74899DL1992NPL047146 NATIONAL BACKWARD CLASSES FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
U93000DL1989NPL034967 NATIONAL SCHEDULED CASTES FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
U74999KA2017NPL103474 HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCING AGENCY

Private(One Person Company)

  1. One Person Company (OPC): One Person Company under Companies Act 2013 Section 2(62) defines one person company as a private company with only one director and one shareholder. OPC can be registered only as a private company which means that all the provisions applicable to a private company will be applicable to an OPC, unless otherwise expressly excluded in the Act or rules made thereunder.

There are 20,897 companies under One Person Company.

Example of 5 One Person Company in India. For the complete list of companies under One Person Company in India reach out to InstaFinancials.

Company CIN Company Name
U67190DL1996OPC078228 R P MALHAN AND COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED(OPC)
U63090TN2015OPC098810 FUTURE ROADLINES PRIVATE LIMITED (OPC)
U15119GJ2016OPC091784 ANAVI MARKETING (OPC) PRIVATE LIMITED
U74120TG2015OPC101795 ABHYASA ENTERPRISES (OPC) PRIVATE LIMITED
U74999AS2017OPC017743 BAHARUDDIN CONSTRUCTION ENTERPRISE (OPC)PRIVATE LIMITED

InstaFinancials provides financial insights of all registered companies in India. You can visit InstaFinancials and download InstaSummary report for your business development, data enrichment and download InstaDetailed report for credit assessment, competitor analysis, company profiling, and many more. For company updates and news please subscribe to our InstaBlog.

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